December 6, 2023

The Different Types of Immigration Medical Exams

2 min read

If you are a refugee, temporary resident, or immigrant in Canada, you must undergo a standardized medical exam. Various procedures take part in a complete examination. These might include a general physical examination, tuberculosis evaluation, and a urine and blood test. You have to be mindful and only go to medical facilities approved by the government department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.

Immigration Medical Exams

Immigration medical examinations are standard procedures that should not be too hard to go through. As mentioned above, it involves a physical examination, an evaluation for tuberculosis, and a urine and blood test to identify other illness. A panel physician in a complete immigration medical centre is licensed to perform these medical procedures. Below is a list of what to expect from an immigration medical exam.

Physical Examination

A general physical examination in immigration medical Waterloo is necessary for the physician to determine if you are physically fit and healthy. Your weight, height, and body mass index are normally measured. You might be required to do basic exercises and stretches on the treadmill and other means of measuring your vitals. It is essential to show up well-rested and hydrated before any physical exam. It would be best to fast a few hrs before a physical examination, and it is also advisable to get enough rest.

Tuberculosis Evaluation

Tuberculosis (TB) can be a fatal bacterial infection if it is not detected at its beginning. Physicians usually conduct TB blood tests or skin tests to test for tuberculosis bacteria. A small injection of fluid called tuberculin is performed for TB skin tests. X-rays and the collection of sample sputum are conducted to see if the person has TB disease. On the other hand, a blood test requires blood extraction and will be sent to the laboratory for analysis and results. Learn more about immigration medical exams by talking to a panel physician. 

Urine and Blood Test

Urine tests determine if a person has gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Physicians usually conduct blood tests to see if a person has syphilis, a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Both gonorrhea and syphilis could be harmful to one’s health and must be treated as soon as it has been detected. You can follow many preventative measures to avoid contracting and transmitting the disease and infection. Before the test, make sure you are well hydrated, especially for the urine examination.


Immigration medical examinations are standard procedures required by the government department of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada. You would undergo different procedures like a general physical examination, TB evaluation, and a urine and blood test to determine if you have STDs and STIs. Getting enough rest and hydration before any medical exam is highly recommended. Make sure to go to government-approved medical facilities that adhere to the standard of immigration medical exams.